Council of Europe (CoE) is an international organization separate from the European Union, which aims to uphold the rule of law in Europe including human rights and democracy, and most importantly to unify people. CoE most known part is the European Court of Human Rights which works with the European Convention on Human Rights.
Topics for discussion:
- Protecting European Values and Individual Rights from the Threat of Radicalization and Violent Extremism
- Finding Sustainable Strategies for Reducing the Vulnerability of Incoming Migrants
Director: Andrei Cursaru
My name is Andrei Cursaru and I am an internationally educated student with a background in politics and economics. I am currently in my third year at Lancaster University in the United Kingdom focusing primaril yon issues surrounding the topic of peace, security and international developement. I have participated and chaired in MUN's for time immemorial having the opportunity to work mainly in the Security Council.
I am honored to be chairing at LVMUN 2017 as the Director of the Council of Europe as this is not only a shift of my interests towards more humanitarian issues rather than security ones but also because I will have the chance to shape and inspire once a gain delegates that will hopefully push one day international cooperation forward as future diplomats.
I am truly looking forward meeting you all as well as seeing you debate fruitfully on the topics of our committee!
Assistant Director: Tommaso Zonta
Tommaso is an undergraduate student of Political Science and International Relations enrolled at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore of Milan. He was born in Bassano del Grappa, a small town near Venice, located in the northern part of Italy.
Since his first year of university, he has participated in Model United Nations conferences after having experienced the Model European Parliament conference during high school. He took part in the Rome MUN and the New York MUN as delegate and in the Barcelona International MUN as chair. He was awarded the Honorable Mention while representing Pakistan within the UNICEF Committee at the NYMUN.
He loves travelling and discovering new cultures, along with being fond of international public law and politics.
Protecting European Values and Individual Rights from the Threat of Radicalization and Violent Extremism
Terrorism denies the core value of the Council of Europe which are democracy and human rights. Over the last 45 years over 10.000 individuals have died as a result of terrorism with the highest number of deaths occurring in 2014 and 2015. The duty of the Council of Europe is to protect European values and individual rights from the threat of radicalization and violent extremism in order to maintain the “democratic structure of member States”. To date the Council has undertaken a comprehensive approach to counter terrorism by developing a legal standard which suppresses terrorist incidents with the aid of criminal law. With the Committee of Experts on Terrorism (CODEXTER) counter terrorism priorities are established in accordance to the legal instruments used by the Council of Europe. Moreover, since 2015 an Additional Protocol which tackles issues concerning issues such as foreign terrorist fighters and radicalization has been signed. Currently research on transnational organized crime has been conducted by the Council. Indeed there is not a one way solution to combat terrorism, however there is an urgent need for domestic and international cooperation across all levels of the public and private sector to mitigate the occurrence of radicalization and violent extremism.
Finding Sustainable Strategies for Reducing the Vulnerability of Incoming Migrants
Migrants, asylum seekers and refugees constitute a significant and growing proportion of the general population of countries in Europe. Globally, more than 60 million people are forcibly displaced by conflict, violence, disasters and human rights violations. This is the highest level of forced displacement since World War II. For this reason, the Council of Europe has encouraged the protection of the rights of migrants, refugees and displaced people for years and supported their integration by identifying and sharing good practices as well as encouraging access to better living conditions. In particular, the Council of Europe has been working to identify how civil protection bodies take into account the specificity of such groups while conceiving and implementing protection and evacuation schemes. Plus, considering that migrants are more vulnerable in the face of a disaster given their limited access to resilience information. In 2016 a Special Representative on Migration and Refugees was appointed to coordinate Council of Europe activities and international efforts in this area, in order to better support member States to ensure the implementation of their commitments under the European Convention on Human Rights.