Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is an important part of the United Nations system, working towards economic, environmental and social development.
ECOSOC brings people and issues together to foster discussion and collective action.
Topics for discussion :
- Artificial Intelligence and Unemployment: Preventing Future Threats
- Combating International Tax evasion
Director: Pritesh Kwatra
"I come from beautiful country of Himalayas, you guess? Entering final year of B.Sc Robotics studies at Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania. So briefly, I would say that Engineering is my passion and diplomacy is my dream. I started dreaming for UN with beginning of MUN’s at high school and since then I have participated in around 25 MUN’s in 3 continents, attending as delegate as well chair. Last year, I had privilege to be the part of youth delegation from my country to the UN, NYC.
When I am not involved with my studies and MUN, I love travelling, history and all book-related. My hobbies are occasional painting and photography, social working and public speaking. I am also intermediate Badminton player from childhood and part of University sports team, active member of University student council.
I am thrilled to be Director of ECOSOC, and I am sure it will be an unforgettable experience for all the participants in which they will be able to explore a beautiful city of Riga, engage in a high-level substantial debate, and meet people from all around. I am looking forward to a stellar simulation of UN committees at LVMUN 2018."
Assistant Director: Anna Soltanowich
"My name is Anna, I'm a proud Belarusian, born and raised in Minsk, Belarus. I study law in Belarusian State University with major in criminal law and criminal procedure. My journey into the MUN world began in high school, when I decided to take part in a local conference. Years have passed, but my passion for MUNs is only developing with time. I have participated as a delegate and a chair in numerous conferences both in my country and abroad and not planning to stop in the nearest future. Apart from MUNs my interests include moot courts on international public and private law and other fun activities connected with law 🙂 I love travelling and meeting intelligent and ambitious people, who are my biggest source of inspiration. I'm ready to make LVMUN 2018 unforgettable for both newcomers and experienced delegates and have lots of fun!"
Artificial Intelligence and Unemployment: Preventing Future Threats
Decades ago, heavy industry benefited greatly from the introduction of robots, which were able to work in coal mines, steel plants and car manufacturing. However, that also resulted in losses of low-paid jobs that were bemoaned by manual workers alone. Today, Artificial Intelligence and automation is not merely manufacturing muscle, but it can also think, learn and understand infinite languages and respond instantly. The potential of AI raises various fears and concerns: will the technology development lead to mass unemployment or, on the contrary, will it create more job opportunities? The UN has already warned that robots could destabilize the world and the same predictions were made by scientists, IT specialists and big companies’ CEO's. The discussion in the committee will be focused on the ways of foreseeing possible threats and preventing them by means of global cooperation and decision-making. Moreover, the dispute in question will touch upon the issue of safe yet profitable implementation of AI both in developed and developing countries in order to boost economic growth and ensure sustainable development.
Combating International Tax evasion
The main income of most governments consists of taxes levied on their inhabitants and companies located within their borders. For the taxpayers, the amount of tax to be paid decreases their yearly income or profit, sometimes by a considerable amount. Most of them do not specifically like paying taxes but do so because of a sense of duty or out of fear for prosecution. A small part of all institutions that officially ought to pay taxes, decide to avoid doing so through various ways, this is called tax evasion. On the other hand, some groups do not have to pay as much taxes as others because the government wants to support them. Currently, governments miss out revenue as a result of this tax evasion or aggressive tax avoidance, which causes them to raise taxes for other inhabitants. This is considered unjust and therefore many organizations have tried to stop this tax noncompliance. Yet further implementation of already existing frameworks and cooperation is needed to strengthen the international fight against tax avoidance and tax evasion.