The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter. Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states. The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946.
Topics for discussion:
- Addressing the need for a comprehensive peacekeeping reform: Lessons learned from Democratic Republic of Congo
- UN Secretary-General Selection
Director: Sara Fay
Sara is a third-year student of International Relations and Modern History student at the University of St Andrews. Born and raised in San Francisco, she received an international school experience beginning with French immersion from the age of five and culminating in the IB program. Having been active in MUN since her first year of high school, she has participated in conferences all over the world. This year she is on Secretariat for SaintMUN and will be chairing Crisis at CUIMUN XXIV. She has extensive experience as both delegate and chair in the UK-style of Crisis, and as well as Security Council committees. Sara is very involved at St Andrews in activities ranging from the Investment Society to university photography to hosting an on-campus history radio show.
Assistant Director: Rebecca Gosker
Born in Singapore and raised in China, Rebecca, originally from Germany, is currently finishing up her Political Science Bachelor at the University of Vienna, after which she will take a gap year, in which she aims to complete two internships. She is delighted to act as co-director of the UNSC at this year’s upcoming LVMUN conference. Although she has chaired at various political simulations, this will be her first experience chairing a MUN committee, and she looks forward to moderating expectantly intense debates. She has been partaking in simulations since high school, where she delegated at her first Model European Parliament in Graz at the age of 16. Since then, she has delegated, chaired, and organized conferences over the past 5 years, and has, since 2017, fallen into an upward spiral of an MUN addiction!
Besides her studies, Rebecca is passionate about current affairs, history, and travels more than her wallet can handle.
Addressing the need for a comprehensive peacekeeping reform: Lessons learned from Democratic Republic of Congo
After half a century of civil unrest, dictatorship, and corrupt government, the Democratic Republic of the Congo will finally hold its first democratic elections this December. The date has been pushed back for two years now, and the country’s leader, Joseph Kabila, who’s presidential term ran out in 2016, has been accused of repressing his political opponents using violence. The Great Lakes are a highly volatile region, amid a vast humanitarian crisis, and the Security Council must come together to ensure that the elections in DRC will be peaceful, fair, and free, while at the same time taking a look at its own structural deficits regarding peacekeeping. By learning from the situation in the DRC, the SC may achieve a much-needed comprehensive reform of its missions.
UN Secretary-General Selection
Antonio Guterres, in a communication to the General Assembly on the eve of the beginning of the 73rd session, announced his intention to step down at the end of the year due to health issues. His deputy, Amina J. Mohammed also announced she would be leaving at the end of his term, as well as many prominent and senior candidates for the role. As a result, the UNSC has been forced to appoint a successor to conclude his term and possibly a subsequent term. It is imperative that the committee decide the new priorities of the Sec Gen, choose selection criteria and choose successors. Their terms will end at midnight. The clock is ticking.